Ray  Vanderby, Jr. Professor Ray Vanderby
University of Wisconsin
Engineering Centers Building
Engineering Drive
Madison, WI 53706
[Main] [Research] [Publications]
   Back to M+M Homepage Vanderby mail  

Contact Information
  Office: Engineering Centers Bldg., also
Module G5/360 Clinical Science Center
600 Highland Avenue
Madison, WI 53792
Tel: 608/263-9593 Fax: 608/265-9144
  Lab: VA Medical center and orthopedic surgery
  E-mail: Vanderby mail
  Biomedical Engineering
  Engineering Mechanics
  Materials Science Program

Selected Publications

Provenzano, P., Lakes, R. S., Keenan, T, Vanderby, R. Jr., "Non-linear ligament viscoelasticity", Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 29, 908-914, Nov. (2001)
download pdf.

Provenzano, P., Heisey, D., Hayashi, K., Lakes, R. S., and Vanderby, R. Jr., "Subfailure damage in ligament: a structural and cellular evaluation", J. Applied Physiology, 92: 362-371, (2002).
download pdf.

Provenzano, P., Lakes, R. S., Corr, D. T., and Vanderby, R. Jr, "Application of nonlinear viscoelastic models to describe ligament behavior", Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology,, 1: 45-57, (2002).
download pdf.

Oza, A., Lakes, R. S. and Vanderby, R., "Interrelation of creep and relaxation for nonlinearly viscoelastic materials: application to ligament and metal" Rheologica Acta, 42, 557-568 (2003).
Download pdf

Hingorani, R., Provenzano, P., Lakes, R. S., Escarcega, A., and Vanderby, R., Jr. "Experimental evaluation of nonlinear viscoelastic behavior in rabbit ligament", 40th annual meeting, Society of Engineering Science, Ann Arbor, MI, 15 Oct. (2003). Download pdf or image.

Hingorani, R., Provenzano, P., P., Lakes, R. S., Escarcega, A., Vanderby, R. Jr., "Nonlinear viscoelasticity in rabbit medial collateral ligament", Annals of Biomedical Engineering, 32, 306-312, Feb. (2004). Download pdf.

Jensen, K. T. Dwyer, K. W., Lakes, R. S., and Vanderby, R., Jr., "The rate of viscoelastic recovery is faster than the rate of creep", 50th ORS, paper 0046, March (2004). Download pdf.

C Hurschler, B Loitz-Ramage, R Vanderby, A structurally based stress-stretch relationship for tendon and ligament, J Biomech Eng. 1997;119(4):392-399.

CT Chen, DS Malkus, R Vanderby, A fiber matrix model for interstitial fluid flow and permeability in ligament and tendon, Biorheology. 1998;35(2):103-118.

AJ Rapoff AJ, DM Heisey, R Vanderby, A probabilistic model for the elastic modulus of longitudinally oriented collagenous tissue, J Biomech. 1999;32(2):189-193.

RS Lakes, R Vanderby, Interrelation of creep and relaxation of ligaments, J Biomech Eng. 1999;121(6):612-615.

D Kunz, R McCabe, T Zdeblick and R Vanderby, A Multidegree of Freedom System for Biomechanical Testing, J Biomech Eng. 1994;116:371-373.

C Hurschler, R Vanderby, D Martinez, A Vailas, W Turnipseed, Mechanical and Biomechanical Analyses of Tibial Compartment Fascia in Chronic Compartment Syndrome, Ann Biomed Eng. 1994; 22:272-279.

P Manley, R Vanderby, S Kohles, M Markel, J Heiner, Alternations in Femoral Strain, Micromotion, Cortical Geometry, Cortical Porosity, and Bony Ingrowth in Uncemented Collared and Collarless Prosthesis in the Dog, J Arthroplasty 1. 1995;10:63-73.

More Publications

1.         Vanderby R Jr, Burstone CJ, Solonche DJ, Ratches JA. Experimentally determined force systems from vertically activated orthodontic loops. Angle Orthod. 1977; 47(4): 272-279.


2.         Goldberg AJ, Vanderby R Jr, Burstone CJ. Reduction in the modulus of elasticity in orthodontic wires. J Dent Res. 1977; 56(10): 1227-1231.


3.         Solonche DJ, Burstone CJ, Vanderby R Jr. A device for determining the mechanical behavior of orthodontic appliances. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 1977; 24(6): 538-539.


4.         Koenig HA, Vanderby R, Solonche DJ, Burstone CJ. Force systems from orthodontic appliances: an analytical and experimental comparison. J Biomech Eng. 1980; 102(4): 294-300.


5.         Stonecipher TK, Vanderby R Jr, Sciammarella CA, Lei SS, Fisk JR. The mechanical consequence of failure of ossified union in attempted posterior spinal fusion: a canine model. Spine. 1983; 8(1): 31-34.


6.         Lorenz M, Patwardhan A, Vanderby R Jr. Load bearing characteristics of lumbar facets in normal and surgically altered spinal segments. Spine. 1983; 8(2): 122-130.


7.         Vanderby R, Patwardhan A. Computers in rehabilitative biomechanics. Assoc Comput Machinery, SigCAPH Q. 1983; (3): 16-26.


8.         Patwardhan AG, Bunch WH, Meade KP, Vanderby R Jr, Knight GW. A biomechanical analog of curve progression and orthotic stabilization in idiopathic scoliosis. J Biomech. 1986; 19(2): 103-117.


9.         Vanderby R Jr, Daniele M, Patwardhan A, Bunch W. A method for the identification of in vivo segmental stiffness properties of the spine. J Biomech Eng. 1986; 108(4): 312-316.


10.        Vahey JW, Lewis JL, Vanderby R Jr. Elastic moduli, yield stress, and ultimate stress of cancellous bone in the canine proximal femur. J Biomech. 1987; 20(1): 29-33.


11.        Meade KP, Bunch WH, Vanderby R Jr, Patwardhan AG, Knight GW. Progression of unsupported curves in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine. 1987; 12(6): 520-526.


12.        Vetter L, Vanderby R, Broutman LJ. Influence of materials and structure on performance of a football helmet. Polymer Eng Sci. 1987; 27(15): 1113-1120.


13.        Vanderby R, Patwardhan A, Meade K, Bunch W. Spinal stability in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Comput Methods Bioeng, ASME. New York, 1988; 411-425.


14.        Vanderby R, Paliwal B, Wakai R, Belloli D, Partington B, Steeves R, Heiner J. A parametric study of temperature distribution in ferromagnetic hyperthermia. Comput Methods Bioeng, ASME. New York, 1988: 291-299.


15.        Keene JS, Fischer SP, Vanderby R Jr, Drummond DS, Turski PA. Significance of acute posttraumatic bony encroachment of the neural canal. Spine. 1989; 14(8): 799-802.


16.        Paliwal B, Wang G, Sen-Ling S, Wakai R, Vanderby R, Buechler D, Steeves R, Partington B. A pretreatment planning model for ferromagnetic hyperthermia. Endocurietherapy Hyperthermia Oncol. 1989; 5: 215-220.


17.        Crawford W, Nordheim E, Vanderby R, Neirby D, Libbey C. An equine cadaver limb model to measure the support effect of bandages placed on the lower limb of the horse. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 1989; 2(4): 177-182.


18.        Crawford W, Vanderby R, Neirby D, Libbey C, Nordheim E. The energy absorption capacity of equine support bandages, Part I: comparison between bandages placed in various configurations and tension. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 1990; 3(1): 2-9.


19.        Crawford W, Vanderby R, Neirby D, Libbey C, Nordheim E. The energy absorption capacity of equine support bandages, Part II: comparison between bandages from different materials. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 1990; 3(1): 10-17.


20.        Vanderby R Jr, Vailas AC, Graf BK, Thielke RJ, Ulm MJ, Kohles SS, Kunz DN. Acute modification of biomechanical properties of the bone-ligament insertion to rat limb unweighting. FASEB J. 1990; 4(8): 2499-2505.


21.        Lange RH, Vanderby R Jr, Engber WD, Glad RW, Purnell ML. Biomechanical and histological evaluation of the Herbert screw. J Orthop Trauma. 1990; 4(3): 275-282.


22.        Vanderby R Jr, Manley PA, Belloli DM, Kohles SS, Thielke RJ, McBeath AA. Femoral strain adaptation after total hip replacement: a comparison of cemented and porous ingrowth components in canines. Proc Inst Mech Eng (J Eng Med). 1990; 204(2): 97-109.


23.        Manley P, Vanderby R, Dogan S, Kohles S, McBeath A. A ground reaction force comparison of canine cemented and cementless total hip replacement. Clin Biomech. 1990; 5: 199-204.


24.        Dogan S, Manley PA, Vanderby R Jr, Kohles SS, Hartmann LM, McBeath AA. Canine intersegmental hip joint forces and moments before and after cemented total hip replacement. J Biomech. 1991; 24(6): 397-407.


25.        Vanderby R Jr, Masters GP, Bowers JR, Graf BK. A device to measure the cross-sectional area of soft connective tissues. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 1991; 38(10): 1040-1042.


   Rahn K, Vanderby R, Kohles S, Kiratli B, Thielke R, Clay A, Suttie J. The mechanical effects of sodium fluoride on cortical bone. Clin Biomech. 1991; 6: 185-189.


27.        Vanderby R Jr, Kohles SS. Thermographic stress analysis in cortical bone. J Biomech Eng. 1991; 113(4): 418-422.


28.        Vanderby R, Manley P, Kohles S, McBeath A. Fixation stability of femoral components in a canine hip replacement model. J Orthop Res. 1992; 10(2): 300-309.


29.        Zdeblick T, Zou D, Warden K, McCabe R, Kunz D, Vanderby R. Cervical stability after foraminotomy--a biomechanical in vitro analysis. J Bone Joint Surg. 1992; 74(1): 22-27.


30.        Graf B, Fujisaki K, Vanderby R Jr, Vailas A. The effect of in situ freezing on rabbit patellar tendon. A histologic, biochemical and biomechanical analysis. Am J Sports Med. 1992; 20(4): 401-405.


31.        Zdeblick T, Wilson D, Cooke M, Kunz D, McCabe R, Ulm M, Vanderby R. Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion: a comparison of techniques in an animal model. Spine. 1992; 17(10S): S418-S426.


32.        Vailas A, Vanderby R, Martinez D, Ashman R, Ulm M, Grindeland R, Durnova G, Kaplansky A. Adaptations of young adult rat cortical bone to 14 days of spaceflight. J Appl Physiol. 1992; 73(2)(suppl): 4S-5S.


33.        Markel M, Rock M, Bergenthal D, Young D, Vanderby R, Chao E. A mechanical comparison of gluteus medius attachment methods in a canine model. J Orthop Res. 1993; 11(3): 457-461.


34.        Bouvy B, Markel M, Chelikani S, Egger E, Piermattei D, Vanderby R. Ex vivo biomechanics of Kirschner-Ehmer external skeleton fixation applied to canine tibiae. Vet Surg. 1993; 22(3): 194-207.


35.        Damron T, Engber W, Lange R, McCabe R, Damron L, Ulm M, Vanderby R. Biomechanical analysis of mallet finger fracture fixation technique. J Hand Surg. 1993; 18(4): 600-607.


36.        Kohles S, Vanderby R, Ashman R, Manley P, Markel M, Heiner J. Ultrasonically determined elasticity and cortical density in canine femora after hip arthroplasty. J Biomech. 1994; 27(2): 137-144.


37.        Graf B, Henry J, Rothenberg M, Vanderby R. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with patellar tendon: an ex vivo study of wear-related damage and failure at the femoral tunnel. Am J Sports Med. 1994; 22(1): 131-135.


38.        Damron T, Heiner J, Nelsen-Freund E, Damron L, McCabe R, Vanderby R. Biomechanical analysis of prophylactic fixation for pathological fractures of the distal third of the humerus. J Bone Joint Surg. 1994; 76-A(6): 839-847.


39.        Graf B, Vanderby R, Ulm M, Rogalski R, Thielke R. The effect of preconditioning on the viscoelastic response of primate patellar tendon. Arthroscopy 1994; 10(1): 90-96.


40.        Tompkins D, Vanderby R, Klein S, Beckman W, Steeves R, Paliwal B. Effect of interseed spacing, tissue perfusion, thermoseed temperatures and catheters in ferromagnetic hyperthermia: results from simulations using finite element models of thermoseeds and catheters. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 1994; 41(10): 975-985.


41.        Tompkins D, Vanderby R, Klein S, Beckman W, Steeves R, Frye D, Paliwal B. Temperature-dependent versus constant-rate blood flow modeling in ferromagnetic thermoseed hyperthermia: results with a model of the human prostate. Int J Hyperthermia. 1994; 10(4): 517-536.


42.        Heiner J, Manley P, Kohles S, Ulm M, Bogart L, Vanderby R. Ingrowth reduces implant-to-bone relative displacements in canine acetabular prostheses. J Orthop Res. 1994; 12(5): 657-664.


43.        Kunz D, McCabe R, Zdeblick T, Vanderby R. A multi-degree of freedom system for biomechanical testing. J Biomech Eng. 1994; 116(3): 371-373.


44.        Hurschler C, Vanderby R, Martinez D, Vailas A, Turnipseed W. Mechanical and biochemical analyses of tibial compartment fascia in chronic compartment syndrome. Ann Biomed Eng. 1994; 22(3): 272-279.


45.        Tompkins D, Vanderby R, Klein S, Beckman W, Steeves R, Paliwal B. The use of generalized cell-survival data in a physiologically based objective function for hyperthermia treatment planning: a sensitivity study with a simple tissue model implanted with an array of ferromagnetic thermoseeds. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 1994; 30(4): 929-943.


46.        Kohles S, Markel M, Rock M, Chao E, Vanderby R. Mechanical evaluation of reconstruction following 25, 50 and 75% resection of the proximal femur. J Orthop Res. 1994; 12(6): 834-843.


47.        Manley P, Vanderby R, Kohles S, Markel M, Heiner J. Alterations in femoral strain, micromotion, cortical geometry, cortical porosity, and bony ingrowth in uncemented collared and collarless prosthesis in the dog. J Arthroplasty. 1995; 10(1): 63-73.


48.        Rapoff AJ, Markel MD, Vanderby R. A mechanical evaluation of transosseous wire rope configurations in a large animal external fixator. Am J Vet Res. 1995; 56(5): 694-699.


49.        Henry J, Clark R, McCabe R, Vanderby R. An evaluation of instrumented tank rowing for objective assessment of rowing performance. J Sports Sci. 1995; 13: 199- 206.


50.        Wilson D, Vanderby R. An evaluation of six synthetic casting materials. Strength of cylinders in bending. Vet Surg. 1995; 24(1): 55-59.


51.        Wilson D, Vanderby R. An evaluation of fiberglass cast application techniques. Vet Surg. 1995; 24(2): 118-121.


52.        Markel M, Wood S, Bogdanske J, Rapoff A, Kalscheur V, Bouvy B, Rock M, Chao E, Vanderby R. Comparison of healing allograft/endoprosthetic composites with three types of gluteus medius attachments. J Orthop Res. 1995; 13(1): 105-114.


53.        Hanson P, Markel M, Vanderby R. Diaphyseal structural properties of equine long bones. Am J Vet Res. 1995; 56(2): 233-240.


54.        Turnipseed W, Hurschler C, Vanderby R. Effects of elevated compartment pressure on tibial arteriovenous flow and relationship of mechanical and biochemical characteristics of fascia to genesis of chronic anterior compartment syndrome (CACS). J Vasc Surg 1995; 21(5): 810-817.


55.        Chen C, Vanderby R. Strain generated potential in rabbit patellar tendon. J Biomed Engin, Application, Basis, and Communication. 1995; 7: 149-152.


56.        Vanderby R, Chen C-T, Vailas A. Effect of cross-links on the quarter-staggered molecular structure of fiber-forming collagen: A finite element analysis. Biomimetics. 1995; 3(2): 91-104.


57.        Markel M, Wood S, Bogdanske J, Rapoff A, Kalscheur V, Bouvy B, Rock M, Chao E, Vanderby R. Comparison of allograft/endoprosthetic composites with a step cut or transverse osteotomy configuration. J Orthop Res. 1995; 13(4): 639-641.


58.        Martinez D, Orth M, Carr K, Vanderby R, Vailas A. Cortical bone growth and maturation changes in the dwarf rats induced by recombinant human growth hormone. Am J Phys. 270 (Endocrinol and Metab) 1996; 33: E51-E59.


59.        Scott C, Heiner J, Worzala F, Vanderby R. Condylar failure of the Lacey rotating-hinged total knee. J Arthroplasty. 1996; 11(2): 214-216.


60.        Kohles SS, Markel MD, Rock MG, Chao EYS, Vanderby R Jr. Fixation of femoral allograft/prosthesis composites after 25%, 50% and 75% resection. Med Engin Physics. 1996; 18(2): 115-121.


61.        Dueland RT, Berglund L, Vanderby R, Chao EYS. Structural properties of interlocking nails, canine femora, and femur-interlocking nail constructs. Vet Surg. 1996; 25: 386-396.


62.        Patwardhan AG, Gavin TM, Bunch WH, Dvonch VM, Vanderby R, Meade KP, Sartori M. A biomechanical comparison of the Milwaukee brace (CTLSO) and the TLSO for the treatment of idiopathic scoliosis. J Prosthet Orthot Int. 1996; 8(4): 115-122.


63.        Kohles SS, Bowers JR, Vailas AC, Vanderby R. Effect of a hypergravity environment on cortical elasticity in rats. Calcif Tissue Int. 1996; 59: 214-217.


64.        Kohles SS, Cartee GD, Vanderby R. Cortical elasticity in aging rats with and without growth hormone treatments. J Med Eng Tech. 1996; 20(4-5): 157-163.


65.        Kohles SS, Bowers JR, Vailas AC, Vanderby R Jr. Ultrasonic wave velocity measurement in small polymeric and cortical specimens. J Biomed Eng. 1997; 119(3): 232-236.


66.        Heiner JP, Kohles SS, Manley PA, Vanderby R Jr, Markel MD. Stability of proximal femoral grafts with two types of distal fixation in canine hip arthroplasty. Clin Orthop.1997; 341: 233-240.


67.        Kohles SS, Martinez DA, Bowers JR, Vailas AC, Vanderby R Jr. Effect of a growth hormone treatment on bone orthotropic elasticity in dwarf rats. Ann Biomed Eng. 1997; 25: 77-85.


68.        Hurschler C, Loitz-Ramage B, Vanderby R. A structurally based stress-stretch relationship for tendon and ligament. J Biomech Eng. 1997; 119(4): 392-399.


69.        Dueland RT, Dogan S, Vanderby R. Biomechanical comparison of standard excisional hip arthroplasty and modified deep gluteal muscle transfer excisional arthroplasty. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 1997; 10: 95-100.


70.        Dueland RT, Vanderby R, McCabe RP. Fatigue study of six and eight mm diameter interlocking nails with variable size and screw hole number. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 1997; 10: 194-9.


71.        Butler SL, Kohles SS, Thielke RJ, Chen C-T, Vanderby R. Interstitial fluid flow in tendons or ligaments: a porous medium finite element simulation. Med Biol Eng Comput. 1997; 35(6): 742-746.


72.        Kohles SS, Thielke RJ, Vanderby R. Finite elasticity formulations for evaluation of ligamentous tissue. Bio-Med Mat Eng. 1997; 7(6): 387-390.


73.        Kohles SS, Vanderby R. Thermographic strain analysis of the proximal canine femur. Medical Engineering and Physics. 1997; 19(3): 262-266.


74.        Martinez DA, Orth MW, Carr KE, Vanderby R, Vasques M, Grindland RE, Vailas AC. Cortical bone responses to 2G hypergravity in growing rats. Aviat Space Environ Med. 1998; 69(6 Suppl): A17-22.


75.        McCabe RP, Kohles SS, Chelikani SV, Vanderby R. A device for measuring relative angular displacement. J Biomech Eng. 1998; 120(2): 299-302.


76.        Best TM, McCabe RP, Corr D, Vanderby R. Evaluation of a new method to create a standardized muscle stretch injury. Med Sci Sports Exercise. 1998; 30(2): 200-205.


77.        Best T, Loitz-Ramage B, Corr D, Vanderby R. Hyperbaric oxygen improves 7 day recovery following acute muscle stretch injury. Am J Sports Med. 1998; 26(3): 367-372.


78.        Chen CT, Malkus DS, Vanderby R. A fiber matrix model for interstitial fluid flow and permeability in ligament and tendon. Biorheology. 1998; 35(2): 103-118.


79.        Pluhar G, Thabit G, Klohnen A, Vanderby R, Markel M. In vitro effects of Holmium: YAG laser on caprine stifle retinacular restraints. Clin Orthop Rel Res. 1998; 356: 239-247.


80.        Hanson PD, Warner C, Frassica FJ, Vanderby R Jr, Markel MD. In vitro and in vivo study on the effect of autogenous cancellous bone and intramedullary polymethylmethacrylate on allograft construct strength. J Orthop Res. 1998; 16(3): 227-284.


81.        Rapoff AJ, Heisey DM, Vanderby R. A probabilistic model for the elastic modulus of longitudinally oriented collagenous tissue. J Biomech. 1999; 32(2): 189-193.


82.        Choi H, Vanderby R. Comparison of biomechanical human neck models: Muscle forces and spinal loads at C4/5 levels. J Appl Biomech. 1999; 15(2): 120-138.


83.        Lakes RS, Vanderby R. Interrelation of creep and relaxation of ligaments. J Biomech Eng. 1999; 121(6): 612-615.


84.        Hecht P, Hayashi K, Lu Y, Fanton GS, Thabit G III, Vanderby R Jr, Markel MD. Monopolar radiofrequency energy effects on joint capsular tissue: potential treatment for joint instability. An in vivo mechanical morphological, and biochemical study using an ovine model. Am J Sports Med. 1999; 27(6): 761-771.


85.        Lopez MJ, Wilson DG, Vanderby R, Markel MD. An in vitro biomechanical comparison of an interlocking nail system and dynamic compression plate fixation of ostectomized equine third metacarpal bones. Vet Surg. 1999; 28(5): 333-340.


86.        Phillips TC, Kohles SS, Orwin JF, Thein LA, McCabe RP, Vanderby R. Instrumentation to quantify exercise using an Impulse Inertial Exercise System ®. J Applied Biomech. 2000; 16(1): 60-67.


87.        Chen CT, McCabe RP, Grodzinsky AJ, Vanderby R. Transient and cyclic responses of strain generated potential in unconfined rabbit patellar tendon are frequency and pH dependent. J Biomech Eng. 2000; 122(5): 465-470.


88.        Choi H, Vanderby R. Muscle forces and spinal loads at the C4/5 level during isometric voluntary efforts. Med & Sci Sports and Exer. 2000; 32: 830-838.


89.        Pluhar GE, Heiner JP, Manley PA, Bogdanske JJ, Vanderby R, Markel MD. Comparison of three methods of gluteal muscle attachment to an allograft/endoprosthetic composite in a canine model. J Orthop Res. 2000; 18(1): 56-63.


90.        Hayashi K, Peters DM, Thabit G III, Hecht P, Vanderby R Jr., Fanton GS, Markel M. The mechanism of joint capsule thermal modification in an in vitro sheep model. Clin Orthop Rel Res. 2000; 370: 236-249.


91.        Hayashi K, Hecht P, Thabit G III, Peters DM, Vanderby R Jr., Cooley AJ, Fanton GS, Orwin JF, Markel M. The biologic response to laser thermal modification in an in vivo sheep model. Clin Orthop Rel Res. 2000; 373: 265-276.


92.        Lopez MJ, Hayashi K, Vanderby R, Thabit G III, Fanton GS, Markel MD. Effects of monopolar radio-frequency energy on ovine joint capsular mechanical properties. Clin Orthop Rel Res. 2000; 374: 286-297.


93.        Kim Y, Vanderby R. Finite element analysis of interbody cages in a human lumbar spine. Comp Meth in Biomech and Biomed Engr. 2000; 3: 257-272.


94.        Kim Y, Vanderby R. A finite element simulation of cancellous bone remodeling based on volumetric strain. Korean Soc of Med and Bio Eng. 2000; 21 (4):


95.        Pluhar GE, Manley PA, Heiner JP, Vanderby R, Seeherman HJ, Markel MD. The effect of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 on femoral reconstruction with an intercalary allograft in a dog model. J Ortho Res. 2001; 9(2): 308-317.


96.        Provenzano P, Hurschler C, Vanderby R. Microstructural morphology in the transition region between scar and intact residual segments of a healing rat medial collateral ligament. Connective Tissue Res. 2001; 42(2): 123-133.

97.        Corr DT, Starr MJ, Vanderby, R, Best TM. A nonlinear Maxwell fluid for viscoelastic materials. J Appl Mech. 2001; 68(5): 787-790.


98.        Provenzano P, Lakes R, Keenan T, Vanderby R. Non-linear ligament viscoelasticity. Ann Biomed Eng. 2001; 29(10): 908-914.


99.        Provenzano P, Heisey D, Hayashi K, Lakes R, Vanderby R. Sub-failure damage in ligament: A structural and cellular evaluation. J Appl Physiol. 2002; 92(1): 362-371.


100.      Connor NP, Conforti ML, Heisey DM, Vanderby R, Kunz DN, Hartig GK. Augmented blood removal after medicinal leech feeding in congested tissue flaps. J Rehab Res Dev. 2002;39(4):505-512.


101.      Conforti ML, Connor NP, Heisey DM, Vanderby R, Kunz DN, Hartig GK. Development of a mechanical leech to replace the medicinal leech (Hirudo medicinalis) for the treatment of venous congestion. J Rehab Res Dev. 2002; 39(4): 497-504.


102.      Provenzano PP, Lakes RS, Corr DT, Vanderby R. Application of nonlinear viscoelastic models to describe ligament behavior. Biomech Modeling Mechanobiology. 2002; 1(1): 45-57.

103.      Provenzano P, Hayashi K, Kunz D, Markel M, Vanderby R. Healing of subfailure ligament injury: comparison between immature and mature ligaments in a rat model. J Ortho Res. 2002;20(5):975-983.


104.      Lopez M, Kunz D, Vanderby R, Heisey D, Bogdanske D, Markel M. A comparison of tibial motion relative to the femur between anterior cruciate intact and deficient stifles in a new canine model of anterior cruciate ligament disruption. J Ortho Res. 2003; 21(2): 224-230.


105.      Provenzano P, Martinez D, Grindeland R, Dwyer K, Turner J, Vailas A, Vanderby R. Hindlimb unloading alters healing in medial collateral ligament. J Appl Physiol. 2003; 94(1): 313-324.


106.      Peavey C, Edwards R, Escarcega A, Vanderby R, Markel M. Fixation technique influences the monotonic properties of equine mandibular fracture constructs. Vet Surg. 2003; 32(4): 350-358.


107.      Cohen K, McCabe R, Kalscheur V, Vanderby R, Markel M, Muir P. Matrix microdamage adjacent to the pin-bone interface of the external skeletal fixation pins after short-term cyclic loading ex-vivo. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 2003; 16: 88-92.


108.      Hurschler C, Provenzano P, Vanderby R. Application of a probablilistic microstructural model to determine reference length and toe-to-linear region transition in fibrous connective tissue. J Biomech Eng. 2003; 125(3): 415-422.


109.      Hurschler C, Provenzano P, Vanderby R. Scanning electron microscopic characterization of healing and normal rat ligament microstructure fixed under slack and loaded conditions. Conn Tissue Res. 2003; 44(2): 59-68.


110.      Manley E, Provenzano P, Heisey D, Lakes R, Vanderby R. Required test duration for group comparisons in ligament viscoelasticity. Biorheology. 2003; 40(4): 441-450.


111.      Corr D, Vanderby R, Best T. A nonlinear rheological model for active and passive skeletal muscle. J Appl. Biomech. 2003; 19(3): 255-263.


112.      Danova N, Colopy S, Kalscheur V, Markel M, Vanderby R, McCabe R, Escarcega A, Muir P. Degradation of bone structural properties by accumulation and coalescence of microcracks. Bone. 2003; 33: 197-205.


113.      Corr D, Leverson G, Vanderby R, Best T. A nonlinear rheological assessment of muscle recovery from eccentric stretch injury. Med Sci Sports Exercise. 2003; 35(9): 1581-8.


114.      Oza A, Vanderby R, Lakes R. Interrelation of creep and relaxation for nonlinearly viscoelastic materials: application to ligament and metal. Rheologica Acta. 2003; 42: 557-568.

115.      Hingorani R, Provenzano P, Lakes R, Escarcega A, Vanderby R. Nonlinear viscoelasticity in rabbit medial collateral ligaments. Ann Biomed Engr. 2004; 32: 306-312.


116.      Dwyer K, Provenzano P, Muir P, Valhmu W, Vanderby R. Inhibition of the sympathetic nervous system alters mechanical properties in ligament. J Appl Physiol. 2004; 96(2): 711-718.


117.      Edwards R, Seeherman H, Bogdanske J, Devitt J, Vanderby R, Markel M. Percutaneous injection of recombinant bone morphogenetic protein-2 in a rapidly resorbable calcium phosphate cement accelerates healing of a canine tibial osteotomy. J Bone Jt Surg [Am]. Accepted 7/15/04.


118.      Kobayashi H, Vanderby R. A new strain energy function for acoustoelastic analysis of dilatational waves in nearly incompressible, hyper-elastic materials. J Appl Mech. Accepted 1/30/04.


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