University of Wisconsin-Madison
BME 315,
Rod Lakes

Schedule for Fall 2010.
Assignments to be announced in class. Labs will be discussed during class as is appropriate.
Week Date Topic Reading assignment; lab
1- Th. 2 Sept. Introduction, class structure. Whole body, organ biomechanics. Anatomical terminology. 'Lab' 1: article review. Chapter 1, §1.1. Problems 1.3, 1.5, 1.13. Report guide,
graph guide.
2- Tu. 7 Sept. Anatomical terminology. Forces and moments. Arm curl. Joint forces. Anatomy. §1.2-1.5. Begin Chapter 2: §2.1. Web notes on anatomy via body and organ biomechanics links on top left of class page or of this page.     Joints.
2- Th. 9 Sept. Force balance the body: more examples in statics. Motion; walking. Scaling. §2.2, 2.3. Problems 2.8, 2.16. Scaling of walking.
3- Tu. 14 Sept. Scaling. Energy, power, running, jumping. Ch. 3, motion, §3.1, 3.2; walk §3.3; §6.1, energy.
3- Th. 16 Sept. Standing. Jumping. Scaling of jump height. Run up hill. Holding of breath. §6.2, 6.4, food as fuel, metabolism. Problems 3.1, 3.39.
4- Tu. 21 Sept. Jumping. Scaling of metabolic rate. Stress and strain. Lab 2 force plate this week beginning Monday.
4- Th. 23 Sept. Signal / noise ratio. Graphics software. Begin Chapter 4: §4.1 stress-strain; survey of tissue histology. Problem 3.30; scaling of time holding breath.
5-- Tu. 28 Sept. Stress, strain introduction. Stress-strain curves. Stiffness and strength. Transformation of components. §4.2, stress, strain, energy storage, elastic and inelastic properties. §4.3, nonlinearity.
5- Th. 30 Sept. Stress and strain. Nonlinearity of tendon and ligament. Review for quiz. Review for quiz.
6- Tu. 5 Oct. Quiz I Lab 3, motion, this week beginning Monday. Decompression from quiz.
6- Th. 7 Oct. Review of quiz. Components of stress and strain. Stress on oblique plane. §4.2. Poisson's ratio. Supplemental reference, Beer and Johnston, Mechanics of Materials, on reserve.
7- Tu. 12 Oct. Stress and strain: tension and bending. Tension of tendon and ligament; compression of bone. §4.1, §4.3, §4.3.1, ligament; Web notes on tendon and ligament. Supplemental reference, Beer and Johnston, Mechanics of Materials, on reserve.
7- Th. 14 Oct. Stress vs. strain. Stress in cylinders and cones. Viscoelasticity. Time-dependent behavior. Creep and relaxation. §4.1, §4.3, §4.3.1, ligament; Web notes on tendon and ligament.     §4.5, viscoelasticity; web notes on viscoelasticity. Study instructions for Lab 4. Assignment 7.
8- Tu. 19 Oct. Bone tissue strain. Introduction to bone histology. Bending. Advantages of tubes. §4.4, bending. §4.7 bone fracture, §4.8, injury. Bone strain. Web notes, bone histology. Bone structure.
Lab 4 tendon this week. §7.2, stress from pressure in tubes and spheres.
8- Th. 21 Oct. Stress analysis, bending. Bone histology. Implant analysis. Tissue mechanics. Web notes, bone histology. Bone structure.     Asssignment.
9- Tu. 26 Oct. Stress analysis. Cantilever bending. Three point bending. Application to bone. Scaling of strength. Scaling of body strength. Bone structure and properties.
9- Th. 28 Oct. Deflection in three point bending. Stress concentration around screw holes in bone. Rationale for bone screws and bone plates. Case study, bone viscoelasticity: baby heads 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 Assignment 8.
10- Tu. 2 Nov. Stress analysis: torsion. Tension, compression, pressurization of tubes and spheres. Stress in blood vessels. Lab 5 this week, bone. §5.1, 5.2 muscle histology slides 1-3
10- Th. 4 Nov. Review scaling assignment. Solving problems in bending, torsion, pressure of tubes. Aneurysm example. §5.3, 5.4 muscle force, §5.5, exercise; §5.8, muscle force and velocity Assignment 5.2.
Muscle Slides.
11- Tu. 9 Nov. Anisotropy and waves. Ultrasound. Muscle. Waves, §10.1. Notes (pdf), waves.     Poisson's ratio. Muscle Slides.
11- Th. 11 Nov. Waves, §10.1, §10.3. Anisotropy and waves. Ultrasound. Muscle. Anisotropy. No assignment due to quiz.
12- Tu. 16 Nov. Review; Study old quiz. Lab 6 this week, ultrasound
12- Th. 18 Nov. Quiz II Quiz and decompression.
13- Tu. 23 Nov. Review of quiz. Distinction between nonlinearity and viscoelasticity. Interpretation of results in ultrasound. §4.6 viscoelasticity.
13- Th. 25 Nov. Thanksgiving ~~~
14- Tu. 30 Nov. Interpretation of results in ultrasound. Meaning of C elements. Bone anisotropy. Distinction between human Haversian bone and bovine plexiform bone. Bone viscoelasticity: frequency dependence of modulus, damping, attenuation of waves. Analysis Poisson's ratio; relation between E and C1111; Viscoelasticity. Bone viscoelasticity.
14- Th. 2 Dec. Tissue structure and properties. Anisotropy of tissue. Ultrasound examples. The ear. Role of the middle ear. Ear bones. Sensory cells in the cochlea. How does the ear achieve frequency selectivity (pitch discrimination) when the cells are bathed in fluid? Tissue properties. Waves and hearing, sections 10.1, 10.3. The ear. The ear.
15--- Tu. 7 Dec. Scaling example: proportion change. Tissue structure and properties, Deformation of tissue. Viscoelasticity, adaptation and remodeling. Time dependent behavior; muscle and cartilage. Spine and spinal disks. Bulge of discs. Density of bone in vertebrae. Vertebra anatomy 1 2 Viscoelasticity Slides.
15- Th. 9 Dec. Tissue structure and properties. Muscle, Hill equation, force vs. velocity. Stress vs. strain and relaxation of spinal disks. Maximum force. Diagnostic percussion and tissue viscoelasticity. Viscoelasticity in muscle; stress induced fluid flow. Viscoelasticity in lens of the eye. Myopia. Growth of eyeball. Bone remodeling . Tissue properties Slides. Textbook, page 72,73, spinal disks.
16- Tu. 14 Dec. Review for final quiz. Review for final quiz.
16- Th. 16 Dec. Study day Review
Quiz Final quiz, Tu. 21 Dec. Final quiz 2 hours, Tue. 21 Dec. 2:45-4:45 Session 23, 2010/12/21, 2:45PM-4:45PM, MECH ENGR 1106 Comprehensive. Recent material emphasized.
Lab 2: reaction forces to body motion, 3038 Mechanical Engineering. Lab 3: body motion: kinematics, 3038 Mechanical Engineering. Lab 4: tendon 1313 Engineering Hall. Lab 5, bone, 1313 EH. Lab 6, ultrasound, ECB instrumentation lab, 2043 ECB.